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Strawberry seedlings are usually planted in a permanent place in the second half of August. A bed for planting strawberries is carefully dug up with the addition of fertilizers - rotted mullein or humus.
- Planting and leaving
- How to fertilize strawberries in spring?
- Organic feed
Planting and leaving
For planting seedlings in the garden, they dig depressions into which mineral fertilizers are applied. The feeding rates are as follows: 1 bucket of compost (humus), 20g. potassium salt, 25g. urea and 40g. superphosphate. All ingredients must be thoroughly mixed; this can be done directly in the recess.
The grooves with fertilizer are thoroughly spilled with water (1 bucket of water per square meter of the garden), after which strawberry seedlings are planted.
The garden bed must always be in order, so the weeds must be carefully removed and the soil must be loosened regularly. Weeds not only prevent strawberries from developing well, but can also lead to the formation of a strawberry disease such as gray rot.
How to fertilize strawberries in spring?
After the snow melts and the earth dries up, the beds are cleared of debris and last year's foliage. Strawberry bushes are mulched with humus, sawdust or moss. You can also use pine litter.
Young strawberries are not fertilized in the first year, since the fertilizers applied during planting are quite enough. In subsequent years, fertilizers must be applied, and this must be done in a timely manner.
When and how to fertilize strawberries in spring depends on the age of the plants. In the second and fourth years of growth, strawberries are fed with mineral fertilizers and organic matter, and in the third year, only with mineral fertilizers. The amount of fertilizer applied is the same as when planting, only the amount of urea is reduced to 10g.
Fertilizers are applied directly under the bushes, dripping with two centimeters of earth, and also between the rows to a depth of 8-10 cm. Strawberries are carefully spilled with water.
You can also make foliar top dressing with special fertilizers: the first time on young leaves, the second time during flowering, the third time on green ovaries. Fertilizers are applied on a leaf during the growing season, when the plants are actively developing. In this case, losses are practically excluded, fertilizers are well absorbed, almost completely get into the plants. And of course, spring and the beginning of flowering are very suitable times for foliar feeding. It is unlikely that anyone would come up with the idea of spraying during the fruiting period.
For foliar feeding, you need to know that elements such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium are quite mobile, they easily move from the point of absorption from top to bottom. That is, they can freely move where they are more needed - these are young buds, leaves and newly formed roots.
Elements such as copper, iron, boron, manganese and calcium are characterized by low mobility, their distribution mainly occurs from the bottom upward from the zone of falling on foliage. Therefore, if your sprayer does not work well, or you walked around your strawberry bushes too quickly, poorly wetting the casting, then certain elements will not get to them at all.
Organic and microbial nutrition
Organic matter, as a fertilizer, is interesting already because it is impossible to overfeed plants with it. After all, many probably faced a situation when a plant overfed with nitrates rushes into the tops, leaving us sadly waiting for the ovaries that have not appeared. Organic matter is never absorbed in excess. But the size of the fruits, of course, is not as gigantic as with mineral fertilization.
Additives of organic tinctures to microcomplexes are also good. These are the so-called organo-mineral fertilizers, or WMD for short. It is noted that combined plant and mineral fertilizers reduce the need for chemistry by almost three times. They also make tank mixtures when plant preparations from pests are added to the dressings.
If your strawberry plantation has been using organic mulch for several years, and you apply a layer of compost or humus in the spring, then chemical fertilizing is not needed at all. The microbial environment is already developed in the soil, the number of earthworms is increasing. All of them together do an excellent job with both pathogens and improve nutrition and air exchange in the soil.
But if you are just starting to switch to an organic way of farming, then the introduction of so-called effective microorganisms, or EM for short, can be a very tangible help. Such preparations contain a unique complex of fungi, microbes and bacteria, which have a very strong effect on the health of the environment.
Strawberry is a plant very responsive to feeding and care conditions. By gradually observing the nature of its growth, you can choose the optimal fertilizers and growing conditions. If you are an adherent of chemical feeding, be careful with dosages. Perhaps the best option would be to combine herbal tinctures and mineral water, which will significantly reduce the consumption of chemicals. And organic fertilizers are generally safe. The choice is yours.