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In order for the root crops to be of high quality during the harvest period, to please with their taste, it is worth stocking up on some knowledge about the cultivation of a particular crop. Planting and caring for this root vegetable is not that easy. But, if you carefully study all the rules, you can grow an excellent harvest.
- When to plant, how to prepare the soil for planting?
- Temperature, watering
- Leaving immediately after planting
- Further care
When to plant, how to prepare the soil for planting?
So where to start to grow good beets? Initially, it is worth doing the preparation of the soil. This must be done in the autumn. To do this, you need to dig up the ground, remove the remains of other plants. Beets prefer nutritious soil, for this reason, it is worthwhile to start feeding the territory where it is planned to be planted before winter. For this, mineral and organic fertilizers are used.
When choosing a planting site, you need to watch that there is a certain amount of sun throughout the day, because beets prefer a well-lit area. Only under such conditions will the plant develop normally. It is also worth considering what was grown before in the chosen place.
It is recommended to plant beets after:
It is better not to plant this root vegetable after cabbage, tomatoes and beets. If you do not follow this rule, then you should expect the appearance of diseases in the plant, and this will affect the harvest. Often, gardeners for planting root crops use seed material that they themselves have prepared, as well as purchased seeds. In such cases, it is worth processing before planting.
After that, they will sprout better. In addition, in this way, you can get rid of pathogens that persist outside the shell. To carry out the treatment, it is necessary to place the seeds in a hot ash solution. For this, 1 tbsp is added to 1 liter of water. l. ash, and the liquid should be 45 degrees. All this is left for 30 minutes, and then placed in a moistened gauze for 2 days so that the seeds swell.
This root crop does not like the cold. If normal heating of the soil has not yet occurred, but planting will take place, then we should expect the death of the plant or the return of forces to the growth of the tops.
The easiest way to grow this root crop is the seedling method. In this case, the gardener can expect the crop to appear early. Also, this method is suitable for those who live in not very favorable weather conditions. Initially, you need to sow seeds in a prepared container. This must be done at the beginning of March. The seed is initially processed.
It is worth remembering that beets are often affected by the black leg. For this reason, do not over-flood the plant even when planting. There should be no water in the pan.
If some plants start to hurt, they should be removed. As soon as the first leaves appear, you can dive the beets. Before sowing seed, the made beds need to be watered. If a person grows beets for sale, they must be marketable and well stored in winter.
Then it is recommended not to rush to sow seed. It is recommended to wait until the soil warms up to 10 degrees. If the seedlings survive the cold snap, many arrows may appear. Therefore, it is best to plant the plant when the weather is consistently warm.
Leaving immediately after planting
Beets need some care. The plant needs to be looked after from the moment of emergence to the collection of roots. If the rules are violated, the quality of the crop may suffer. As soon as the planting has taken place, experienced specialists advise to mulch the soil. In this way, protection against moisture evaporation will be created.
It will also help to better penetrate air to the root system. If the plant does not have enough oxygen, it may start to rot or diseases will develop. There is no need to apply a large layer of mulch initially. A couple of centimeters will be enough. But when the plant grows, it can be enlarged. For this procedure, for example, straw is suitable.
Weeds are one of the most dangerous enemies of the beet. They absorb moisture, because of them the soil hardens. If the weeds grow, then the beets will not receive the necessary light. For this reason, do not forget to remove unnecessary plants in a timely manner.
In order for the root crop to taste good and the yield to be high, it is necessary to adhere to the rules of care. Namely:
- Sow the seeds correctly
- Stick to proper watering
- Remove weeds
- Carry out feeding
Beets tolerate dry weather well. But in order to get an excellent harvest, it is necessary to provide it with proper watering. You should not flood the beds, as stagnant moisture will not lead to anything good. If the soil has not yet dried out after the rain, then watering should be postponed. Excessive moisture provokes fungal diseases and decay.
It is best to water the plants using the sprinkler method. But initially it is necessary to loosen the soil between the rows, this will allow the moisture to be better absorbed. It is very important that the beets are fed on time. But this plant does not like it if there are a lot of mineral fertilizers in the soil. Otherwise, there are voids, cracks in the skin.
As soon as the first thinning has been carried out, then it is necessary to add the substance. It is worth providing the plants with nitrogen. When the foliage will increase in size, you need to apply potash fertilizers. Top dressing should be done after watering. Experienced specialists carry out foliar fertilization procedures. For this, the tops are irrigated, which has its advantages:
- Better assimilation of substances occurs.
- Fertilizers are evenly distributed, and overdose is impossible.
- No sedimentation of substances on root crops is observed.
In this way, a more complete top dressing is carried out, because the fertilizer, when it gets into the ground, is partially destroyed. But each owner decides for himself how to feed the plants.
Beetroot is a rather capricious culture. But, despite this, you can get an excellent harvest if you do not follow all the rules that have been listed. If you follow all the recommendations, you can collect high-quality and tasty root vegetables.
Video on the correct planting of beets and caring for them: