We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
The story of the distribution of many wonderful flowers is like a detective story. So, back in the first half of the 18th century, the monk Nicolas Incarville from France, who received his initial knowledge of botany and an assignment from the director of the Versailles royal garden, left to preach in China.
During his wanderings around the country, he collected and secretly sent the seeds of various plants to his homeland. Thus, the seeds of beautiful asters also came to Europe. After that, the family of French breeders Vilmorin Leveque took up the selection of asters. Soon, flower growers received many beautiful plants.
The flowers of some asters were like chamomile, the flowers of others were like chrysanthemums. Naturally, such plants immediately became popular. Their popularity continues today. We will try to find out how the aster flower behaves in the garden, about its cultivation from seeds.
- Where to get aster seeds?
- How to grow asters from seeds
- How to sow asters outdoors
- Proper care of aster
Where to get aster seeds?
There are more than 4,000 varieties of modern garden asters. Florists divided them into 3 classes, 10 types and 40 groups. Luxurious annual asters bloom until the very cold, among them there are plants with inflorescences:
The color of the inflorescences starts from snow-white and pink, ends with dark blue and purple flowers. Aster lovers always face difficult choices. Here you can collect seeds from your favorite aster bush in order to continue the life of this particular plant, or you can buy new varieties.
How to collect aster seeds yourself
When collecting seeds from asters, you need to remember that its inflorescences-baskets consist of three types of flowers:
- median tubular
- marginal tongues
Transitional and ligulate are female flowers. The middle flowers are bisexual. When the time for pollination comes, the tubular flowers are pollinated with their own pollen, while the reed and transitional flowers can be pollinated with pollen from tubular flowers and the pollen of other asters. This is done with the help of insects. The more terry the variety, the more difficult pollination is.
This pollination has its advantages. Once you buy the seeds of these flowers, you can extend the life of both the variety you like and get plants that will differ from the original species. Very often, aster seeds do not have time to ripen for various reasons.
Therefore, it is necessary to collect seed material from strong, completely healthy plants in which the seeds are already ripe. Full ripening of seeds in asters can be expected one and a half to two months after the beginning of flowering. Completely dried tongue flowers can serve as a signal for collection. The collection is carried out in clear weather without precipitation. Sometimes it happens that the seeds do not have time to ripen before the onset of frost.
In this case, the bush you like is carefully removed from the ground, transplanted into a flower pot and within 20 - 25 days the seeds are ripened at a temperature not lower than + 15. The collected seeds must be stored in a dry place, while keeping them germinating for 2-3 years, the storage temperature should not be higher than + 2 + 3 degrees. It is important to know that in order to preserve a terry variety, you need to collect seeds from the most densely double flowers.
How to choose the right aster seeds in the store
When choosing aster seeds in the store, you need to pay attention to the collection date, which is indicated on the bag. After three years of storage, seed germination decreases sharply. You should not take seeds in paper bags if a year has passed since packaging. In order to meet the expectations of the variety, it is better to make a purchase from a trusted producer and seller of seeds. If the aster seeds are received, then it remains to plant them.
How to grow asters from seeds
Aster is grown:
- sowing for seedlings
- in a reckless way
The time of sowing asters for seedlings is the beginning of April. This will require containers for sowing seeds and soil. For asters, a universal mixture that can be bought in the store is suitable, or in the fall you need to prepare garden soil and mix it with an equal amount of peat, you can add a little sand and ash. For every 5 kg of the mixture, 0.5 kg of sand and half a glass of ash are enough. The whole mixture must be steamed well. Fill the seedling boxes with soil, moisten it well a day before sowing.
Aster seeds do not need special preparation, it is enough to add a small amount of foundationol powder to them. This will protect the seedlings from fungus. Seeds are evenly distributed over the surface and covered with a layer of sand no more than 0.5 cm.
Cover with glass from above. Shoots should appear in a week. Seedling care is normal, it is important to avoid waterlogging. It is advisable to maintain the temperature in the room with seedlings at + 18 degrees during the day, and not below + 15 degrees at night. Aster can be dived into individual pots in the third true leaf stage. At the stage of 4 - 5 leaves, the seedlings can be hardened.
To do this, the daytime temperature is lowered to + 12, and the nighttime - to +8 degrees. They are planted in open ground in May. At this time, the desired seedling size is 7 cm. Higher seedlings are buried in the ground. When 10 days have passed after the transplant, the seedlings are fed. Do this with any liquid fertilizer.
How to sow asters outdoors
Sowing aster seeds can be done in spring and autumn. A place for it is chosen with good sunlight and fertile light soil. Lime must be added to acidic soil in the fall, at the rate of 0.2 - 0.3 kg per sq. m. It is important not to plant immediately after asters or gladioli.
In spring, sowing is carried out immediately after thawing of the soil to the depth of digging. In most regions, this time occurs in the last decade of April - early May. In the fall, sowing is done in October. It is important to know that asters sown before winter will not only bloom earlier, but will also give more inflorescences.
Seeds are placed in grooves and covered with soil. The more moisture in the ground in spring, the faster the seedlings will appear. Caring for them after germination consists in timely watering and removing weeds. If the seedlings are too dense, then at the stage of 2-3 true leaves the aster seedlings are thinned out and planted in other places.
Proper care of aster
Astra is very responsive to regular loosening of the soil. At this time, air access to the roots improves. It is necessary to loosen the soil to a depth of 6 - 7 cm. This is done after each precipitation or watering. During the season, the aster needs to be fed at least three times. The first feeding is needed 10 days after planting in the ground or after thinning the plantings.
For this, any complex fertilizer diluted according to the instructions is suitable. The term for the second feeding begins at the stage of the appearance of the first buds, and fertilizers are applied for the third time when the first flowers open. When planting asters in the garden, you need to know that they not only decorate the garden, but are also perfectly preserved in the cut for up to 14 days.
Video about asters in the garden: