Fenugreek plant, medicinal properties, chemical composition, use and contraindications

Fenugreek plant, medicinal properties, chemical composition, use and contraindications

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Almost all modern medicines have appeared thanks to plants, both wild and cultivated. A typical example of such a plant is fenugreek, whose medicinal properties have been known since the times of Ancient Egypt and Hippocrates.


  • Description of the plant fenugreek
  • The chemical composition of hay fenugreek and its useful and medicinal properties
  • Rules for harvesting fenugreek plants for use in traditional medicine

Description of the plant fenugreek

The genus Fenugreek is an annual herbaceous plant that belongs to the legume family. The most famous and popular species is hay fenugreek. It has several names at once, which are accepted in various countries. After all, hay fenugreek grows in many European countries, in Asia, in the Caucasus and in some African regions.

In many countries, fenugreek is grown as an edible and medicinal crop. Fenugreek is planted both on an industrial scale and in private gardens. In the Russian version, the name fenugreek is associated with the pasture on which the cattle are grazed. The name Greek hay may have come from the fact that Greek herders added fenugreek to cow feed in order to improve its quality and milk quality.

Fenugreek or goat horns - this name stuck with the Germans. Perhaps fenugreek beans are similar in shape to goat's horns. Fenugreek grows up to 60 cm in height. The root is strong, tap-shaped. The leaves, like many legumes, are composed of three rounded leaf plates. The fenugreek stem branches quite well.

The flowers, like most plants from the legume family, are moth type, small, yellowish in color and with a purple base. Fenugreek blooms in the second half of May and blooms for 3 - 4 weeks.

Flowering is accompanied by a pleasant scent. After the fenugreek has faded, a long and narrow pod appears in place of the flowers. The length of the pod can be up to 10 cm, and its width is no more than 0.5 cm. The seeds of fenugreek are rectangular, hard. They are used for food. In addition to the fact that fenugreek seeds are a fairly common seasoning, the plant, due to its chemical composition, is used as a medicinal plant and even a medicine called pasenine is obtained from it.

The chemical composition of hay fenugreek and its useful and medicinal properties

Fenugreek seeds contain a large amount of vegetable protein, which in its amino acid composition is close to animal protein. In 100 g, its amount is 23 grams. Fat contains 6 g, and carbohydrates 58 g. In addition, the plant contains many vitamins:

  • PP
  • AND
  • group B
  • FROM

There are also minerals in the composition of fenugreek seeds:

  • phosphorus
  • potassium
  • calcium
  • copper
  • manganese
  • zinc
  • iron

Also, the medicinal properties of fenugreek are explained by the content in it of such chemical compounds as steroid saponins:

  • tigonin
  • yamogenin
  • diosgenin
  • trillin
  • dioscin

Fenugreek video:

It contains flavonoids - vicenin, isovetexin, homoorienin and vitexin. The chemical composition of hay fenugreek is complemented by:

  • trigonelline, alkaloids
  • choline
  • essential oils
  • mucous substances
  • alimentary fiber
  • bitter substances

Such a chemical composition allows the plant to be used in official and folk medicine as:

  • a means of increasing libido in women and men
  • to increase potency
  • to lower blood glucose levels in type 1 and type 2 diabetes
  • to increase the immune defense and adaptation of the body

According to unconfirmed data, the use of fenugreek helps women to become owners of attractive breasts. Although its lactic properties do not require proof. Contraindications to use are some hormonal disorders in women, pregnancy up to the last days, individual intolerance to fenugreek and preparations from it.

Before starting the appointment, you must visit a doctor. The pharmaceutical industry produces an antidiabetic drug based on an alcohol extract from fenugreek. For use in traditional medicine, you need to properly collect and prepare hay fenugreek.

Rules for harvesting fenugreek plants for use in traditional medicine

Fenugreek seeds can be prepared in the following way:

  • wait until most of the beans are ripe
  • cut off the ground parts of the plant at a distance of about 10 cm from the ground level
  • spread fabric or paper under a canopy
  • loosely spread the cut green parts of the fenugreek
  • wait for the pods to dry before opening
  • Free the fenugreek seeds from the valves and dry them in the sun
  • keep out of moisture

At the end of the summer, you can harvest the ground parts of the fenugreek. They are cut and dried in the shade. Store in a dry place and use as a decoction. Fenugreek seeds and herb are used in folk medicine for:

  • constipation
  • colds
  • abdominal pain in children
  • indigestion
  • difficult childbirth
  • painful periods
  • lack of milk in nursing mothers

It should be said that hay fenugreek can be found in its wild form only in the mountains of the Caucasus. However, it is not difficult to grow it in a garden plot. The technology of growing hay fenugreek does not differ from the cultivation of any legume, peas or beans. In addition to being used in official and folk medicine, herb and fenugreek seeds are used as a seasoning for meat and other dishes.

Watch the video: Easy Weight Loss. Right Way To Use Fenugreek. Dont do the mistake. Dr. Vivek (August 2022).