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One of the unusual houseplants is bashful mimosa. This plant can be easily grown at home.
- Description of the plant
- Growing rules
- Care features
- Useful properties of the plant
Description of the plant
Mimosa bashful one of the flowering evergreen dwarf shrubs, the Mimosa family. This type of plant is very decorative and is well suited for indoor cultivation. The plant can reach a height of 60 cm. The plant's stem is prickly. Leaves are compound and pinnate, consisting of several leaves.
This plant is very sensitive. After touching, the mimosa leaves curl, and the petiole goes down. They return to their usual state in 30 minutes.
At night, the mimosa leaves are also folded. The same phenomenon is observed when exposed to high temperatures from 24 degrees. The flowers of the plant appear in the summer, usually of a light pink or light lilac hue. Shy mimosa is considered a poisonous plant. Mimosa blooms for 4 months, subject to all care conditions.
Most often, bashful mimosa is grown as an annual plant. Attractiveness and decorativeness are lost after flowering. After that, you can get a lot of seeds for further reproduction. When growing mimosa, ordinary flower soil is suitable.
Perlite can be added if necessary. The container should be of medium size. Sprinkle the bottom of the pot with pebbles - this is the first drainage layer. Then add some soil. Sowing is performed in March-April. The seed should be pre-soaked in hot water for half an hour. After this procedure, it can be planted in the ground, deepening by 1 cm.
The soil should be loose and moist. After sowing, cover the container with polyethylene or glass and place on the windowsill. Seedlings should appear in a week with regular ventilation and a temperature of 25 degrees. With the appearance of a pair of leaves, you can dive into separate containers.
The seeds are harvested in the fall and prepared for reproduction in the spring. They have a hard shell and therefore require scarification. To destroy the shell, you can not only pour boiling water over the seeds, but also carefully cut it with a knife. It is possible to grow mimosa not only indoors, but also as an annual plant outdoors.
The plant prefers bright lighting, however exposure to direct sunlight should be avoided. This must be remembered when choosing a place for mimosa. The plant does not like drafts and does not tolerate tobacco smoke. When watering, it is important to keep the soil moist at all times. Over-watering can lead to waterlogging.
As a result, the roots will start to rot. Watering is reduced in winter. Mimosa grows well at temperatures between 18 and 24 degrees and in high humidity. Therefore, mimosa should be sprayed daily from a spray bottle. When spraying, care should be taken to keep water out of the leaves.
Mimosa bashful on video:
In order for the bashful mimosa to grow and develop well, it is necessary to transplant it every year. For the potting mix, use leafy soil, sand, turf in a ratio of 1: 2: 0.5. The plant should be fed using liquid mineral complexes. It is desirable to use with a high nitrogen content. Feeding is carried out during the entire growing season 1 time in 2 weeks.
Feeding begins in April and continues until October. With improper care, the plant can be exposed to dangerous pests. One of the main ones is the spider mite. Actellik is used to combat the pest. When using it, you must observe safety precautions.
If the leaves turn yellow, then this is observed with excessive watering. If they fall off and turn yellow, this indicates dry indoor air or irregular watering. If mimosa does not bloom and grows slowly, then the plant lacks nutrients. It is necessary to increase the feeding.
Useful properties of the plant
Mimosa leaves are of particular value in folk medicine. The tincture helps in the treatment of sore throats, wounds and cuts. The roots of the plant are used for dysentery, toothache. A decoction of mimosa roots is used as an antipyretic agent.
In addition, the plant has antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, astringent and healing properties. Mimosa contains various useful substances: the alkaloid mimosine, tannin, calcium oxalate.
Due to its many medicinal properties, the plant is used to reduce bleeding in cuts, cracks, and hemorrhoids. Mimosa bashful is used in medicine for burns and has a regenerating effect on the skin. It is actively used for cosmetic purposes. Creams and masks based on mimosa leaves are used for sensitive skin. The skin becomes soft, beautiful and soft.