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Beets are especially prized among all vegetable crops, as they are used in cooking and industry. Growing beets in the open field is of great benefit, since sugar is produced from it, it is eaten, it is used as animal feed. In cooking, soups, salads, and snacks are made from this vegetable. A lot of vitamins are concentrated in it, while beets can be stored for a long time.
- Brief description of the culture
- Sowing beets
- Care after landing
Brief description of the culture
Beets are planted in gardens, fields. It develops well in the open field. This vegetable tolerates cold well, therefore, it is also cultivated in the northern regions. She does not need a greenhouse; in such conditions, you can only grow seedlings. But do not rush to sowing. Planting beets should take place when there is no more frost. If you land it in cold weather, then the shooting process will begin. This will negatively affect the development of the root crop.
It will take about 10 degrees Celsius for the seeds to germinate. But the vegetable grows best at a temperature of 20 degrees. People grow this vegetable for a variety of purposes. Therefore, first you need to decide what the beets are for, and then you can choose the right variety. To do this, you should pay attention to the timing when it ripens. Different varieties will take different times for a crop to appear.
There are beets that ripen quickly, 2-3 months are enough for them. And for varieties with an average harvest time, it will take 100-120 days, while the fruits are very tasty, they are well preserved in the winter. There is also a late beet. Despite the fact that it ripens for a long time, it can be stored for a long period. This will require a warm autumn, because the harvest should be formed before the onset of frost.
You should know when to sow a vegetable outdoors. It is allowed to plant it in the spring, as well as before winter. To get an early harvest, the vegetable should be sown back in November. You can also do this in April, only the ground needs to be covered with a film.
Late beets are planted in mid-May. If sowing is carried out in cold soil, then the fruits may not ripen, they will not develop. If the planted vegetable was covered with a film, then it must be removed after the first sprouts appear. Seedlings can survive in light frosts.
You should adhere to some preparation if you plan to grow beets in the open field. The place where the vegetable will be planted should be well lit. So that the roots are not tasteless, drainage must be carried out. Beets ripen well on loamy or sandy loam soil. A person will harvest less on clay or sandy soils. This should also be taken into account.
Beets germinate and develop well in places where such vegetables were previously grown:
You should not plant beets where cabbage, carrots, celery, spinach used to grow. This is due to the fact that these crops have the same diseases, while the ripening of beets in such an area will not be so fruitful. The place where these vegetables are grown must change every year. Only when 3 years have passed can the beets be planted again in the old part of the garden.
To plant beets, you must first prepare the seeds. To do this, they need to be hardened. This is a simple procedure. Initially, you need to fill the seeds with hot water, but it should not be boiling water, and then wait 30 minutes. After that, you should hold the seeds in cool water for a couple of minutes.
Video on how to grow beets:
Next, the owner needs to start preparing the soil. Beets grow especially well on neutral, loose soils. Before planting, they dig it up, fertilize the soil. To do this, you can use compost, potash or phosphate fertilizers. But beets should not be grown in areas that have shade for most of the day.
When the temperature in the air is stable at 10-15 degrees, then you can start planting this vegetable. The warmer it is, the better the development and germination of seeds. To play it safe, create protection against frost, sudden changes in temperature, the soil where the seeds were sown is covered with a polyethylene film. They should be planted in prepared shallow grooves. When shoots appear, they are thinned out.
Care after landing
After planting has been carried out, you should properly care for the beets. Until the root crop appears, the vegetable must be well watered. When it has formed, then watering should be reduced to once a week. When there is a month before the planned harvest, you need to stop watering the beets altogether. Every time the soil is moistened, the vegetable needs to be loosened. To get a good harvest, you need to apply mineral fertilizers.
To do this, systematically during the growth of the vegetable, feeding is carried out with the help of potash fertilizers. It is recommended to cover the planting with ash. It will serve as a feeding and protection against diseases and pests. When seedlings appear, thinning is carried out. Initially, weeds are removed, and then weak shoots. The first time this procedure is performed when 2 sheets appear, and the second time - 5 sheets.
Thinning should be repeated in August. There should be about 8 cm between vegetables. If you follow simple rules, then you can get a good harvest. It is harvested in mid-September. After that, the roots must be stored for storage. To do this, they are placed in a box into which sand is poured so that rotting does not occur. The tops must first be removed, only 1 centimeter must be left.
When the amount of nitrogen in the soil exceeds, then voids appear inside the vegetable. If boron is not enough, then rot will form in the root crop. The appearance of yellowish spots on the foliage indicates a potassium deficiency. Beets can develop a variety of diseases such as rust, powdery mildew, phomosis and staining.
Aphids, root-eaters, fleas, flies, nematodes can attack the root crop. If this happens, then you should use folk recipes for dealing with these problems. You can also go to specialty stores where specialists can help. If you follow all the tips and recommendations, then the beets will thank their owner with a good harvest.