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Many amateur gardeners prefer to grow the largest daisy on their plots, considering this plant to be noble and very beautiful. Indeed, its flowers, aroma can become a real decoration of any garden. A rather unpretentious and easy plant to propagate and care for.
- Nivyanik the greatest - characteristic
- Planting and caring for the plant
- Properties and applications in medicine
Nivyanik the greatest - characteristic
This plant is perennial. Differs in a large number of branched stems. Flowers-baskets have a yellow center and terry white oblong petals. The leaves of the plant are basal, dark green, crenate. The height of individual plants can reach 80 cm, on average, the daisy grows with bushes about 30-50 cm.
Many people call the daisy chamomile. But this is not true. Outwardly, they are of course similar, but these are 2 completely different plants. They differ from each other in several ways:
- The size of the inflorescences. Daisy inflorescences are much larger than chamomile inflorescences.
- Leaf shape. Chamomile leaves are thinner and more delicate and consist of several separated stems. Nivyanik, on the other hand, is distinguished by denser and tougher leaves. They are not separated and have a solid structure.
- Stem structure. Chamomile is a fairly branched plant. Several inflorescences are located on one stem. On the contrary, in the daisy, one inflorescence corresponds to one stem.
- Growing period. Despite its similarity, do not forget that chamomile is still an annual plant, in contrast to the perennial daisy plant.
- Biological differences. Any botanist can name a large number of differences not only in appearance, but also in development, growing conditions, and reproduction. Nevertheless, both chamomile and cornflower still have minor similarities, they are often called distant relatives.
Planting and caring for the plant
The soil. For this plant, the soil is not a fundamentally significant factor. It successfully takes root on the most infertile soils. But, if possible, it is best to choose non-acidic, black earth areas.
- Lighting. When choosing a site for planting a cornflower, you should not forget about his love for light. The site must be well lit. With a lack of sunlight and heat, the inflorescences of the daisy will be small and stunted.
- Humidity level. Nivyanik does not like a large amount of moisture. In wetlands, it is attacked by various fungal diseases.
- It reproduces in several ways:
- Seeds. Planting seeds is best done in March in boxes with well-heated and moist soil. Then the grown plants are planted in open ground. This usually happens in late April - early May. It can also plant seeds of cornflower in the fall. They tolerate winter well and the first shoots will appear in April.
- Cuttings. In order to properly propagate a plant, you need to know which cuttings are best suited for this. You should not choose the flowering stems of the plant, they will withstand the period of getting used to the soil.
- Division. The process of dividing a plant is quite simple. An adult bush is dug up, and the rhizome is divided into several parts. Each resulting bush can be placed in the ground as an independent plant.
- The process of dividing the daisy is also recommended after 2 years of continuous plant growth. Despite the fact that the daisy grows independently for several years, by the third year of life its inflorescences significantly decrease in size. And division allows you to distribute one plant over a large area. Nivyanik does not like crowding.
Plant care consists in regular watering. The cornflower is considered to be drought-resistant. It perfectly tolerates heat and dry summers. But its flowering will not be as lush as with regular watering. To extend the flowering period and life of each plant, you can use fertilizing - organic and inorganic.
Dried flowers are cut to develop new, younger and stronger flowers and give the plant an aesthetic appearance. Compliance with these simple rules will make the nivyannik a real decoration of any garden plot for many years.
Properties and applications in medicine
To use the daisy for medicinal purposes, its dried flowers, leaves and stems are used. They are collected during the period of intense flowering. The widespread use of the daisy in medicine is due to the large number of its beneficial properties.
The nivyanik includes:
- Alkaloids. These are substances that are known for their analgesic, hemostatic effect. They normalize the work of the cardiovascular and central nervous systems.
- Inulin. It is responsible for coordinating the work of the digestive tract, cleansing the body of toxins and toxins, is favorable for the absorption of calcium in the body and strengthening bones, increases immunity and normalizes metabolism in the body.
- Fatty oil. Promotes healing and restoration of tissues, elimination of inflammatory processes.
- Vitamin C. Participates in the process of strengthening the immune system, fights against viruses and microbes.
- Carotene. It is responsible for the normal functioning of the hematopoietic and circulatory organs, and helps to restore the optimal balance in the body.
The beneficial properties that the plant possesses make it possible to use it in folk medicine for the treatment of many diseases. The leaves and stem are used to treat colds, diseases of the digestive and respiratory organs, as a restorative and healing agent for hemorrhoids. The leaves can also be used in salads. Their spicy aroma helps to normalize appetite.
Flower infusions can be applied both externally and internally. When applied externally, Nivyanik promotes wound healing and skin regeneration, disinfects and relieves pain. Inside it can be used as a diuretic. You can also prepare a decoction from the flowers of the daisy, which is very useful for disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. It is even used to treat colic in children. Flowers can be marinated with vegetables for the winter, and also added to enhance the taste and aroma in food - soups, salads, main courses.
From a mixture of stems, leaves and flowers, you can prepare an ointment, which is an excellent remedy for skin care, getting rid of dryness, rashes, and also used to treat various skin diseases.
Thus, the daisy is not only a wonderful decoration for a garden or vegetable garden, it is also distinguished by its healing properties. Many gardeners prefer the largest daisy, so it not only creates a unique and sophisticated beauty on the site, but is also useful for the whole organism.
Watch the video to see how the daisy differs from chamomile: