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The main and important task today is finding harmony in the relationship between nature and man. There was a need to preserve all types of plants both on the planet in general and on a separate territory. Plants already included in the Red Book should be especially protected.
- What is spotted orchis
- Plant propagation
- Spotted orchis in the garden
- About the beneficial properties of the plant
What is spotted orchis
The plant belongs to common, in nature there are about a hundred varieties. Unfortunately, some of them are almost exterminated today and need protection. in Russia, you can find about 40 species of this orchid, the most common of which is called the male orchis.
Different types of plants live in different natural conditions, for example, the helmeted orchis can be found in meadows and forest edges; it also loves to grow in meadows. Found in North America, the Caucasus, Siberia. It can also grow in the mountains, at an altitude of up to 1800 m.
It got its name from the leaves, painted with gray-brown spots. It belongs to herbaceous perennial plants. Depending on the climatic conditions in which it grows, its height can reach up to 60 cm. The leaves have a shape that is narrowed to the petiole. The stem is simple, leafy, ending in an elongated peduncle, with an inflorescence in the form of an ear, which gives many flowers. Orchis flowers range in color from purple to lilac. Unfortunately, in our districts, they are only of two types.
The flowering period of the spotted orchis falls in June-July. By August, seeds ripen in capsule fruits. Under normal natural conditions, this orchid increases its numbers rather slowly, usually by division, that is, vegetatively. Reproduction using seeds is quite problematic, since the seed needs symbiosis with a certain type of mushroom.
For this reason, seedlings from orchis seeds are extremely rare, although this type of orchid produces a huge number of seeds every year.
Human efforts to reclaim new lands and hot, dry summers significantly reduce the number of orchis. To multiply and save these beautiful and rare plants, it is necessary to enroll wildly growing orchids in the cultural class, to multiply them and to transplant them into the wild. Moreover, they are not afraid of this procedure.
Spotted orchis in the garden
It is quite simple to grow a plant along with cultural ones: the orchis in the garden will be comfortable.
- This plant does not require special care from you, it will be enough to free it from the presence of weeds.
- Your only concern will be cutting off the dry part of the stem at the end of August, after the seeds have spilled out.
- In the event of a very dry summer, you will need to water the plant.
- In winter, there is no need to shelter the orchis; it will perfectly endure the winter on its own.
- This plant is very resistant to various types of flower diseases.
With sufficient watering and early compost, in any case, earthworms live in the soil, which create an excellent atmosphere for the formation of fungi, which make it possible for orchids to reproduce and develop well. So, with proper plant care, there is still a chance to get plant seedlings grown from seeds.
The spotted orchis blooms very beautifully, having seen the spectacle created by the abundantly flowering orchis, you will never forget it.
About the beneficial properties of the plant
For a long time, the spotted orchis was considered not only decorative, but also curative. Its bulbs, which are called salep, are nutritious and healing. In the fibrous system of orchis roots, nutrients are collected. In spring, then in summer, these reserves are used by the terrestrial part of the plant to ensure good flowering and seed ripening. After the stock ends, the so-called tuber dies off.
in time immemorial, people know about the medicinal properties of the plant, it has tonic and restorative properties. Medicines made from it help in the treatment of health recovery after a serious operation or after a long illness.
The most effective medicinal component is mucus obtained from the root of the plant. It has a strong anti-inflammatory effect, it is used in the treatment of inflammatory processes in the gastrointestinal tract, in the upper respiratory tract. It is recommended to take it in case of poisoning with toxic substances: bee and snake poisons, bacterial toxins and chemicals.
Older people are advised to take orchis preparations to maintain strength. It is used in the treatment of dental diseases, diseases of the genital organs, weakening of potency.
For medicinal use, only the young roots of the plant are used. They are dug up, sung, peeled. Then it is kept in boiling water for some time and dried. If necessary, a decoction rich in starch, glycosides, essential oils, vitamins, and protein is made from the dried roots.
The use of orchis preparations should be strictly dosed, in case of exceeding the intake rate, side effects may be observed. For local external use, the roots of the plant are crushed, steamed in milk and mixed with melted pork fat. They treat baldness, abscesses, toothache.