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Among the multiple varieties that can be grown in the apartment, between the walls of the house, we find the begonia. The begonia species grown in the apartment and in the garden are really numerous; all are native to tropical areas of the globe, especially from south america. Given the large number of species that make up the begonia genus, it is usual to divide these beautiful plants into three large subgroups: b. tuberose, collated and b. rhizomatous root.
One of the begonia varieties, is b. tuberose. These are perennial plants, characterized by large tubers from which medium-sized shrubs with large colored flowers sprout; they are plants that are generally grown in the garden, more rarely in the apartment. The main characteristic of these plants is due to the fact that they do not vegetate throughout the year, but, like many other tuberous plants, in autumn their foliage dries up and the plant enters a period of vegetative rest, which lasts until the following spring. So when in autumn the foliage begins to turn yellow the watering is suspended and then the tubers are dug up, to place them in a dark and cool, dry place, until the following year.
Follows and rhizomatous root begonias
The collated begonias can be perennial or annual, they are herbaceous plants, generally cultivated as annuals, which find their place in the garden during the summer, where they produce countless small flowers throughout the summer.
Rhizomatous root begonias appear as small evergreen shrubs, and are traditionally grown as houseplants.
Growing begonias in the apartment
All the apartment species have a very thick and thick short stem, from which countless large heart-shaped leaves branch out, often rough and fleshy, also brightly colored. The flowers of the begonias are quite particular: they are monoecious plants, that is, male flowers and female flowers are present on the same plant, with the male flowers generally larger and more striking than the female ones. So let's not be surprised if our begonia produces flowers of different shapes.
Typically, rhizomatous begonias are grown at home due to their showy foliage, with bright and particular colors, often with metallic zoning, or pink or red; the tuberous begonias grown in the apartment instead have very showy flowers and light green foliage.
They are plants of easy cultivation, which simply need a high environmental humidity, always remembering that they come from the rain forests; then water regularly, trying to keep the soil slightly damp throughout the year; we insist with watering especially during the hottest months. We also remember to keep the ambient humidity high, placing the begonias in trays always containing a little water, but with the vessels raised by it thanks to gravel or expanded clay.
From March to October we supply fertilizer for green or flowering plants, depending on the begonia we are growing.
Remember to constantly take care of our begonia, since the positioning in an excessively hot or sunny place, and also the drought, can quickly cause the whole foliage to collapse: a good watering and positioning in a cool place generally allows to return to shine the our plant.
We always remove ruined or dried foliage, so that it is not a vehicle for disease.
Begonia variety: The most common species
Among the apartment varieties, the most commonly cultivated begonia is the Begonia rex; it is a species with rough foliage and a rough surface, with very large leaves, which form a small tuft; the color of the foliage is varied, but often the leaves of this begonia have deep, pink, red, orange, very decorative areas.
Also very present in the apartment is the begonia tamaja, with elongated leaves, fleshy, and small pinkish flowers, with a fragile and delicate appearance.